This website allows you to view the LiDAR imagery for the whole of the Chilterns AONB and overlay it with modern & historical maps and aerial photography. As such it is an invaluable tool for identifying historical routeways such as sunken lanes and ancient trackways. Once you make an account, you can access the LiDAR data, learn how to interpret the data from step by step tutorials, and contribute to the Beacons of the Past and Routes to the Past projects by recording archaeological features.
This is a completely free website that requires no downloads. As mentioned previously, this website is a key resource for recording the routeways – by drawing round them you can define exactly which sections you are talking about. Don’t forget to include “Routes to the Past” and the route ID in the Notes box!
This is the database containing the Historic Environment Record (HER) for the county. This includes archaeological excavations, find-spots, earthworks and other sites, and historic buildings and landscapes. It is a great resource for exploring the history of an area.
This can be used to produce the HER data for each recorded site including the original report cards and photos. Sites can be searched by type, so you can find all roads or barrows recorded in the HER, or by location or using keywords. The original report cards and photos can offer an insight into what the site looked like before today, and can throw up some details that have slipped past the digitisation.
Provides an overview of each parish and their main sites or periods of interest.
A new interactive map showing the HER for the county of Buckinghamshire. This is particularly useful in visualising where notable sites may be along or in relation to your routeway.
The Victoria County History is an encyclopaedic record of England’s places and people through history. It describes Buckinghamshire by parish, and may provide useful insights, or references to specific routeways used.
This allows a view of various first/early editions of the OS map of the UK as a seamless overlay on a modern map, allowing a comparison of the route network of an area between different periods
A collection of digitised historic maps of the local area, similar to the National Library of Scotland’s resource, but occasionally offering older larger scale maps which can help in the identification of long distance routeways.
This site cross-searches over 60 different resources, allowing you to search key-words such as a routeway name or location and view the accumulated results all in one place. It is somewhat clunky, but can be persuaded to produce useful results with a bit of tweaking.
This online map can be used to view public rights if way in the county, and may be more up to date than some OS maps, but equally may not be correct in some locations.
This website allows you to search the several collections of old photographs taken in the Chilterns during the 19th to early 20th century. This could be particularly useful for seeing how some of the routeways looked before the expansion of the road network with the rise of the motor car.
A free to view map of aerial photos of the UK that date from 1919-1953. These allow a unique view of the countryside and urban areas of the UK during this time, and can show many features that were lost, built over or developed in the second half of the twentieth century.
A platform to view multiple different flights of aerial photography. Its most useful function is the historical imagery (the little clock icon), which can show how an area has changed through time, and allows you to view images from 1940 and then more regularly from the 80s onward. This is free to download and use.
The Buckinghamshire County Archives house a large amount of physical material, some of which will be particularly useful for certain routeways. Visits to access the archives as a member of the public requires you to book a space, but allows you to view tithe maps and other historical maps of parishes, estates and farms, alongside written records focusing on various aspects of Buckinghamshire’s past. We will be arranging some training days in the use of the archives in 2020.
This Research Guide explains the project in more detail, providing recommendations on how to get started studying routeways, and what resources will help you in your research. The risk Assessment below details the potential risks assosciated with the project and details mitigation precautions that should be followed.
The Routes to the Past Record Sheets provide you with a set of criteria to consider when approaching a routeway, and these have been split broadly into three themes.
Use these sheets as a starting point for your investigation. If there are further details that don’t seem to fit any specific sheet, feel free to record them how you see fit.
Examples of Completed Record Sheets can be seen here, which will hopefully help you get an idea of what you might record
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